Aikido Glossary

 

Exercise | General Terms | Techniques | Attack Forms | Weapons

Ù  Exercise      

Shin Kokyu

Grande respiration n

Funakogi undo

Rowing exercise

Furi tama

Vibration of the soul exercise

Sayo-otoshi / sayo undo

Exercise of the sides

Kubi no undo

Exercise of the neck

Kokyu

Deep respiration

Kata no kundo

Rotation of the shoulder

Do-in

Self message

Kingyo undo

Exercise of the gold fish

Ù          General Terms  

Ai

Harmony

Ai hanmi

Profile position

Aiki

Blending/uniting one’s  ki with that of the partner

Aikido

The way of spiritual harmony

Aikidoka / aiki-no-michi

One who practice aikido

Aikijo

Aikido with jo (stick)

Aikiken

Aikido with ken (wooden sword)

Aikitai

Aikido with the body

Atemi

Attack on vital points of the body

Budo

The way of the war

Bushi

Warrior

Bushido

The way of the warrior

Chikara

Force/strength

Choku

Direct

Chudan

Middle

Dai

Big

Dan

Level, black belt grade in budo

Deshi

student

Do

The way

Dogi

Practice uniform

Do-in

Self massage

Dojo

Practice area

Dojo

Training hall

Dojo cho

Head of a dojo

Domo arigato gosaimashita

Thank you very much (past forms)

Domo arigato gozaimas

Thank you very much

Dori

Catch, grab

Doshu

Leader / head of a budo

Dozo

please

Eri

Neck/collar

Gasshuku

Training camp

Geri

Kick

Gomen nasai

Excuse me

Gyaku

Reverse / opposite

Gyaku hanmi

Reverse profile position

Hajime

Begin

Hakama

Traditional pants used in aikido

Hantai

Opposed

Happo

Eight directions

Hiji

Elbow

Hiki

Pull

Hineri

Twist

Hiza

Knee

Hanmi hantachi waza

Sitting versus standing

Hara

Center

Hidari

Left

Irimi

Inwards, in to the body

Iie

No

Iki

Will power

Jiyuwaza

Free training

Jutsu

Technique / art

Kansetsu

joint

Kamae

Basic ready position

Kamiza

The upper place / east side

Kata

Form, pre-decided movements

Kata

shoulder

Katate

One-hand

Kihon

basics

Kohai

One’s junior

Kokyu

breathing

Kosa

Cross over / pass

Koshi

hip

Kote

Wrist

Kubi

neck

Kumi

Group

Ki

Spirit

Kime

Vital points, focus

Kyu

Student grade

Ma-ai

Harmonious, balanced distance between training  partners

Mawate

Turning

Men

head

Misogi

purification

Mokuso

Meditation

Mune

Chest

Musubi

Tie together

Mae ukemi

Forward / front roll / fall

Meguri

Turning of the hand

Migi

Right

Mokuso

Meditation

Nage

Throw, also used for the one doing the aikido technique

Nukite

Strike with finger tips

Obi

Belt

Omote

Front

O-negai ita shimas

Please, asking for something(past form)

O-negai shimas

Please, asking for something

Otagai ni rei

Bow to each other

Otoshi

drop

O-sensei

Senior teacher, here Morehei Uyeshiba, founder of aikido

Rei

bow

Ritsurei

Standing bow

Ryo

both

Ryu

School

Seiza

Sitting in Kneeling position

Sannindori

Three attackers

Seme

 

Sempai

One’s senior

Se-no-undo

Relaxation exercise

Sensei

Teacher

Shiho

Four direction

Shikaku

Square

Shikko

Knee walking

Shomen

Front of the head

Shomen ni rei

Bow to the kamiza

Soto

Outside

Suwari waza

Techniques in sitting position

Sumi

Opening

Tachi

Standing

Tai

Body

Tai sabaki

Body move

Tameshi

Test

Taninzugake

Several attackers

Tanto

Knife

Te

Hand

Tekubi

Wrist

Taiso

Exercise

Tenkan

Turn

Tori /nage /shite

The one who takes, defender

Tatami

Mats

Uchi

Inside

Uchideshi

Student living in the dojo

Ude

Arm

Uke

The one receiving, attacker in aikido

Uke kotai shimasu

Uke change please

Uke soku seme

Change of role within one movements (uke becomes seme)

Ukemi

Rolling / falling exercise

Undo

Exercise / movements

Ura

Back

Ushiro ukemi

Back roll / fall

Waza

Technique

Wakizashi

Short sword

Yokomen

Side of the head

Yame

To stop

Yoko ukemi

Side fall

Zaho

Meditation in the kneeling position

Zarei

Sitting bow

Zazen

Sitting meditation

Zori

sandals

Ù         Techniques

Ikkyo / ude osae

First form

Nikyo / kote mawashi

Second form

Sankyo / kote hineri

Third form

Yonkyo / tekubi osae

Fourth form

Gokyo / ude nobashi

Fifth form

Irimi nage

Inward throw

Yoko irimi

Side throw

Shiho nage

Four direction throw

Ude kime nage

Throw while stretching the arm

Kaiten nage

Rotational throw

Koshi nage

Hip throw

Kokyu nage

Breath force throw

Tenchi nage

Sky earth throw

Juji garami

 Cross Throe

Kote gaeshi

Reversed wrist throwing technique

Sumi otoshi

Corner throw

Aiki otoshi

Aiki drop, throwing technique

Ù  Attack forms

Ai hanmi katate dori / kosa dori

Diagonal seizing of a wrist with a hand (eg.  Right-right)

Ashi barai

Leg sweep

Chudan tsuki

Middle level strike

Eri dori

Collar grip by the neck

Futari dori

Two attackers at the same time

Gedan tsuki

Lower level strike

Geri

Kick

Gyaku hanmi katate dori

Direct seizing of a wrist with opposite hand (eg right –left)

Happo undo

Eight direction exercise

Ippon geiko

Exchange methods: Nage makes one technique, then role changes

Jiyu waza

Free techniques

Jodan tsuki

Upper level strike

Kaeshi waza

Countering techniques

Kata dori

Seizing the shoulder

Kata dori men uchi

Seizing the shoulder and attacking the face

Katate dori

Wrist grip

Katate ryote dori / morote dori

Grip with both hands

Kokyu ho

 

Kubi shime

Choke from the front

Mae geri

Straight kick

Mawashi kick

Semi circle kick

Men uchi

Impact to the head

Mune dori

Seizing the collar of the dogi

Mune tsuki

Striking the chest

Randori

Free attack

Ryokata dori

Seizing both shoulders from the front

Ryote dori

Seizing both wrist

Shiho undo

Four direction exercise

Shomen uchi

Straight impact from above to the head/forehead

Sode dori

Seizing the sleeve

Tori

Hold/grasp

Tsuki

Punch

Uchi

Strike

Ushiro katate eri dori

Seizing the hand and the collar from rear

Ushiro kubi shime

Choke from the rear

Ushiro ryo hiji dori

Seizing the elbow from behind

Ushiro ryokata dori

Seizing both shoulders from the rear

Ushiro ryote dori

Seizing both wrist from the rear

Yoko kubi shime

Lateral choking

Yokomen uchi

Lateral impact to the head /neck

Ù  Weapons

Aikijo

Aikido practice with stick

Aikiken

Aikido practice with wooden sword

Aiki-no-jo

Aikido with jo ( armed vs. unarmed )

Aiki-no-ken

Aikido with ken ( armed vs. unarmed)

Choku tsuki

Straight attack

Furikomi tsuki

Forward strike, from bottom to top

Jo dori

Defend against stick attack

Kaeshi tsuki

Forward strike, turned

Ken dori

Defend against sword attack

Kiri

Cut

Matsu-no-tachi

Movements from top to bottom (eg: shomen)

Otonobashi ken

The silent sword (one does not strike the sword)

Take-no-tachi

Flexibility, but continuing (eg: uke nagashi)

Toma katate uchi

Circular impact downward from diagonally above

Tsubame gaeshi

v-cut

Uke nagashi (ue / shita)

Down/above

Ume-no-tachi

Movements from bottom to top (eg: furikomi tsuki)

Home | AAA | KAKKHH | Dojo | Instructors |  Achive | Glossary | Contacts | Links